Peñarol

Neighborhoods located north of Montevideo that have a strong link with the railroad and the rural area of the city.

Lezica and Colón

They were consolidated as recreational towns at the end of the 19th century, when temporary residences in luxury mansions predominated, many of which still survive.

The current Colón neighborhood is the result of the integration of Villa Colón and Pueblo Ferrocarril. It has its consolidated center in the section of Garzón Avenue that links the train station square with Lezica Avenue. Starting in the 20th century, Lezica and Colón stood out for the development of the railroad, the arrival of European immigrants, and the development of horticulture, especially viticulture. That is why in Colón the contact of the rural associated with the urban is experienced.

Places to visit

Vidiella Square

In this square is the monument to Francisco Vidiella (1820-1884), a Spanish horticulturist who came to our country in 1837 and started the large-scale wine industry in the southern part of the country. It was the first monument erected to a civilian in our country, consecrating the merits of this progressive citizen.

Location: Eugenio Garzón Ave. and Albérico Passadore St.

Train Station

Located in front of Vidiella Square, its structure is linked to the architecture of British railway stations. It has an upper passage that connects the station with Vidiella Square.

Location: 1888 Albérico Passadore St.

Idiarte Borda Castle

It is an architectural gem surrounded by mysteries and ghosts, declared a National Historical Heritage. It is a neoclassical style building built at the end of the 19th century to serve as the residence of the president of that time, Juan Bautista Idiarte Borda (1844-1897).

Location: 5912 Lezica Ave.

Ángel Adami International Airport

Due to its location, it is popularly known as Melilla Airport or Civil Aviation. The pioneers of Uruguayan aviation created it and the first flight that took off from its runways was that of the English pilot Charles E. Wilmot, on July 2, 1920. This airport is the headquarters of the Institute of Aeronautical Training of DINACIA (National Directorate of Aeronautics Infrastructure and Civil Aviation), flying clubs, flight schools and aviation workshops. 

Location: Camino Melilla St. and Lezica Ave.

Wineries

In these neighborhoods is Montevideo wine-growing area. Its excellent wineries with a centuries-old family tradition produce varieties of wines, among which Tannat stands out, a traditional Uruguayan wine whose strain was introduced to the country by the Basque-French Pascual Harriague.

 

Peñarol

The origin of Peñarol neighborhood dates back to 1890, when the English company "Ferrocarril Central del Uruguay" installed its railway workshops.

By 1910 2,000 people were already working in the largest manufacturing universe that Uruguay had, due to its diversity and complexity. Indeed, a factory town was built there, based on the English and Central European model typical of the first industrial revolution. Urbanly planned, two blocks were implanted with 44 dwellings for blue-collar staff, 8 residences for senior staff, a general store, a sports and social center, and a theatre (later also a cinema), with the center being the train station, with its generous public square.

It is recommended to walk through its streets and appreciate the different buildings declared heritage assets, thus living the neighborhood as a great "living and inhabited" museum.

Suggested circuit to do

Peñarol Station Museum:

It was inaugurated in 2009 to preserve, restore and display objects and documents from the 19th century train station, placed in their original rooms. You can see telegraphs, telephones, ticket booth, date stamp, staff block, lanterns and clothing of the time.

Location: Shakespeare St. between Aparicio Saravia Bvr. and Coronel Raíz St.

House of Chiefs:

It are the 8 houses that belonged to the senior staff. It are shaped like a residential neighborhood, and in their style coexist a combination of industrial elements and features of English architecture of the time.

Location: Sayago Ave. between Aparicio Saravia Bvr. and Schiller St.

Pedestrian Bridge:

Before its construction in 1925, there were “little ladders”, which allowed pedestrians to descend from the embankments to the road to cross it. In all of Uruguay there is only another similar bridge in Colón neighborhood.

Location: on the railroad

Workers' Houses:

There are 44 houses of great ornamental simplicity, gray facades and total absence of trees. In the early days there lived Englishmen and later became the use of the families of the railway personnel. It represent the life of a working class family of the time.

Location: Rivarola St. and Aparicio Saravia Bvr.

The Workshops:

It operated until the 1980s, with printing, carpentry, sawmill, painting, warehouses and sailing activities. From its foundation to the present, it is estimated that some 12 thousand people worked, different generations of the neighborhood. Today 150 officials work and it has important patrimonial value due to the combination of architecture and original equipment of the time.

Location: Aparicio Saravia Bvr. between Watt St., Camino Casavalle St. and Coronel Raíz St.

Artisan Center:

It was the place where social activity took place, located in front of the workshop premises, it had an intense recreational, social and sports activity. It also housed the first public school. At present, it is a cultural center where different cultural activities take place. Its architecture is industrial and part of its facades is in the Art Deco style.

Location: Aparicio Saravia Bvr. between Monterroso St. and the railroad 

Cinema and Theatre Hall:

It is adjacent to the Artisan Center building. It is one of the oldest stages in Montevideo with a capacity of 40 seats and was a theatre for performing arts, theatre and music.

Location: Aparicio Saravia Bvr. between Monterroso St. and the railroad

 

Peñarol Colegio Pio Peñarol

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